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PHYSIOTHERAPY-


Physiotherapy & the physical therapy is same.  It is a health care profession primarily concerned with remediation of impairments and disabilities and the promotion of mobility, quality of life, and movement potential through examination, evaluation, diagnosis, and physical intervention.  Now a days, physiotherapy plays a very vital role in everyone's life. In developed country 80%  patients are referred for PHYSIOTHERAPY.



Physical therapy involves the interaction between therapist, patients or clients, other health care professionals, families, care givers, and communities in a process where movement potential is assessed, diagnosed, and goals are agreed upon.  Physical therapy is performed by a Physio.

Physical therapy has many specialties including sports, wound care, EMG, cardiopulmonary, geriatrics, neurology, orthopaedic, and paediatrics.  PTs practice in many settings, such as outpatient clinics, health and wellness clinics, rehabilitation hospital facilities , extended care facilities, private homes, education and research centers, schools, hospices, industrial and workplaces or other occupational environments, fitness centres, sports training facilities, and MNCs.

Physiotherapy Specialities-

  1. Orthopaedic physiotherapy
  2. Neuro physiotherapy
  3. Sports physiotherapy
  4. Peaidiatrics phsysiotherapy
  5. Cardio-pulmonary physiotherapy
  6. Vestibular rehabilitation
 


Widely we can divide this into three parts:-


1) MANUAL THERAPY TECHNIQUES-


Manual Therapy protocols are cutomised for patient to patient and as per ethical international standards.  In day to day process we are using the following techniques:-

  1. Mulligans technique
  2. Maitland technique
  3. Mckenzie technique
  4. Cyriax technique
  5. Osteopathic technique
  6. Cranio Sacral Therapy
  7. PRT
  8. Tapping technique (i.e. Kinesio,Rigid Taping)
  9. PRE’s (progressive resisted excersise)
  10. Myofacial Release Technique.
  11. Myotherapy.
  12. Dlorme technique
  13. Vestibular rehabilitation (for vertigo)
  14. Brunnstorm Approach
  15. Muscle energy technique
  16. Bobath Approach
  17. Brombley’s approach for SCI patients.
  18. Lymphatic Drainage.
 


2) EXCERSISE THERAPY TECHNIQUES:-

  1. Resistance band (i.e. Theraband,Theratube)
  2. Ankle execersiser
  3. Heel excerciser
  4. Static cycle
  5. Physio ball /SWISS Ball
  6. Motorized tredmill
  7. Finger ladder
  8. T-pulley
  9. Shoulder wheel
  10. BAPS(bi-lateral ankle platform system)
  11. Multi gym
  12. balanced board
  13. grip execersise
  14. gel ball
  15. dumbles
  16. weight cuff
  17. cross trainer
  18. mobilization belt
  19. motorized balanced board
 


3) ELECTROTHERAPY TECHNIQUES-

  1. IFT
  2. TENS
  3. Ultrasonic Therapy (Ultra Sound)
  4. Hydrocolateral pack
  5. IRR (Infra Red Radiation)
  6. Traction- cervical, lumbar
  7. Laser-class IV (U.S.A)
  8. EMG Biofeedback (Electromyography)
  9. Short wave diathermy
  10. CPM(Combined Passive Movement)
  11. Muscle Stimulator
  12. FES (Functional Electrical Stimulation)
  13. Russian currents
  14. Faradic stimulation
  15. Galvenic stimulation
  16. EMG stimulator-bio move 3000
  17. Parafin wax bath
  18. Cryotherapy
  19. Ionotophorosis
  20. Whirlpool bath